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8 Different Types of Roses

These Beautiful Rose Varieties Will Add Beauty to Your Property

Most people who choose to grow flowers have at least thought about trying their hand at growing roses. With over 150 varieties of roses, and many more raised hybrids there is sure be a variety of rose that appeals to you.

Although there are several hundred varieties of roses these flowers fit into 3 basic categories.

The first category is Modern garden roses, which are those roses bred after 1867. This category includes most hybrid roses.

Most roses planted today are modern garden roses, which come in a greater variety of colors than the other two categories. They are also less resistant to disease than old garden roses.

Old garden roses are those roses developed prior to 1867. Although the colors of these old fashioned roses are more limited than modern roses these flowers tend to be more disease resistant.

The third category of roses is wild roses. Wild roses are naturally growing shrubs that grow wild in nature with no help from humans. These flowers are mainly pink or red in color although it is possible to find a few white or yellow wild roses as well.

Here is a look at some of the more popular types of roses.

Different types of roses.

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#1. Climbing Roses (Modern Garden Roses)

Climbing Roses.

Many people think that climbing roses grow on a vine like many other flowers do. However, climbing roses don’t grow on a vine, they grow on stiff canes that can be trained along fences, trellises, and walls so that the plant grows vertically.

Climbing roses tend to produce more flowers when they are grown horizontally. These flowers tend to be large.

There are several different varieties or species of climbing roses for you to choose from. Most varieties of this plant (depending on the variety) need to be planted in zones 4 through 10. Check the hardiness zone for the specific variety you choose.

Climbing roses prefer full sun and well-drained soil.

Examples of climbing roses include such varieties as Altissimo, American Beauty, Iceberg and Westerland.

#2. English Roses (Modern Garden Roses)

English Roses.

English roses are a shrub type rose that is perfect for gardens, containers and hedges. Although these are modern garden roses they are more disease resistant than many modern garden roses. They also have a lovely scent.

There are several varieties of English roses with hardiness zones ranging between 4 and 11. You will need to check the hardiness zone for the specific variety of English roses you plan to grow.

These flowers grow best in full or partial sun and moist well-drained soil and come in a wide variety of colors.

Some examples of English roses you may want to consider include: Mary English, Munstead wood, Mayflower and Heritage.

#3. Floribunda Roses (Modern Garden Rose)

Floribunda Roses.

Floribunda roses are a cross between a hybrid tea rose and a Polyantha rose. These flowers are great for mixed borders and large flowerbeds.

Although these roses grow in large clusters they are not strongly scented. Floribunda roses come in a wide variety of colors and grow on stiff shrubs that are smaller and bushier than most regular hybrid tea roses.

Depending on the variety of Floribunda you choose these flowers may grow anywhere between zones 4 and 11 and reach a height of 2 to 7 feet.

(Be sure to check the specific variety or species of this rose you want to grow to determine if the flower you choose can be grown in your zone and will reach the height you want.)

These plants prefer full sun and moist well-drained soil.

Some examples of Floribunda roses include: Julia Child, Impatient, Mardi Gras, and Sentimental.

#4. Hybrid Tea Rose (Modern Garden Rose)

Hybrid Tea Rose.

Hybrid tea roses are a cross between hybrid perpetual roses and old-fashioned tea roses. These flowers come in all colors except true blue and black.

Each rose tends to grow on its own long straight stem with 30 to 50 petals per flower giving the blossom a full look.

These flowers make great cut flowers and can grow to be anywhere from 3 to 8 feet tall depending on the variety.

Hybrid tea roses grow best in zones 5 through 9 and prefer full sun and loamy well-drained soil. They bloom in spring, summer and fall. These flowers are not very disease resistant.

Examples of hybrid tea roses included such varieties as: Double delight, Love and Peace, Folklore and Bride.

#5. Bourbon Roses (Old Garden Roses)

Hybrid Tea Rose.

Bourbon roses are semi-double flowers with glossy green foliage. These roses are full bloomers with few to no thrones that can be trained to climb trellises or fences. And they have a heady scent.

These roses grow well in zones 5 through 9 and prefer full or partial sun and moist well-drained soil, but can tolerate shade and poor soil conditions. Each flower has up to 30 petals.

Examples of bourbon roses include: Zephrine Douhin, Louise Odier, Varigated Di Bologna and Victoria.

#6. China Roses (Old Garden Roses)

China Rose.

The China rose originates in South East Asia. These flowers feature small blooms that may be red, orange, pink, yellow or multicolored that darkens over time. And they have faint fragrance.

These roses grow as a hedge or thicket with each flower having about 5 petals making them look vastly different than most people tend to think roses should look like.

China roses need to be planted in zones 9 through 11 to grow successfully and prefer full or partial sun.

Some examples of China Roses include: Old Rushmore, Louis Philippe, Archduke Charles, and spice rose.

#7. Damask Roses (Old Garden Roses)

Damask Roses.

Damask roses originated in the Middle East and was brought to Europe in the mid to late 1200s. One of the oldest rose varieties, these flowers are a sprawling rose with a medium pink double bloom with each flower having 17 to 25 petals.

Summer Damask roses bloom once per year, while autumn Damask roses bloom once in the summer and once later in the season.

This rose should be grown in zone 3 and prefers full sun and moist well-drained soil. It can grow to be 3 to 4 feet tall and is quite disease resistant.

Examples of various varieties of Damask roses include: Old red Damask rose, Provence, Red rose of Lancaster and Crimson Damask rose.

#8. Wild Roses

Wild Rose.

When it comes to wild roses these flowers grow all over the US and other countries as well.

These flowers grow in shrubs and are extremely hardy and in nature may grow in such places as swampy land, by train tracks, in wooded areas and even on the tundra.

Most wild roses are pink (although there are a few red or white ones to be found.)

Wild roses are easy to grow as long as they have plenty of room to spread naturally. Most prefer full sun and moist well-drained soil although they can grow in poorer soil conditions than other flowers. Most wild roses have 5 petals.

Because wild roses grow in all sorts of different climates, make sure you check to see which varieties of wild roses will grow in your hardiness zone. The great thing about growing wild roses is that they need little or no pruning.

Some examples of wild roses include Alpha dog, Chinese Golden rose, Cinnamon rose, Dog rose, Magnificent rose, Meadow rose and Redleaf rose.

Final Thoughts on the Different Types of Rose Flowers

Whether you try your hand at growing wild roses, modern garden roses or old garden roses these beautiful scented flowers could add beauty and heavenly scents to your property.

Various rose varieties.

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